Diagnostic Blood Test:
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) is an enzyme created mainly by the liver and the heart. High levels can indicate damage to the liver caused by alcohol, drugs, or hepatitis. They can also signal heart conditions or pancreas problems.
Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is an enzyme mainly produced by the liver. It serves as a good indicator of liver damage caused by alcohol, drugs, or hepatitis. Checking levels of liver enzymes can help diagnose liver problems that are causing nausea, abdominal pain, fatigue, itchy skin, or loss of appetite.
Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) is an enzyme located primarily in the liver and bones. High levels can indicate liver disease or bone growth, while low levels may signal a zinc deficiency.
The bilirubin protein is created when red blood cells break down. It is normally filtered out by the liver. Elevated bilirubin levels may be a sign of various health conditions, such as liver damage, liver disease, or anemia.
Albumin is a protein produced by the liver that helps keep fluid in the bloodstream and carries vitamins, hormones, and enzymes to the body’s tissues. Low albumin levels may be a sign of liver disease, kidney disease, thyroid conditions, infection, or inflammatory bowel disease, while high levels may indicate dehydration.
This test measures the overall amount of protein in the blood. In particular, it measures levels of globulins and albumin, the two most common blood proteins. Low levels of proteins in the blood may be a sign of liver or kidney conditions.